The Valdez Marine Terminal
The Valdez Marine Terminal marks the end of the Trans Alaskan Pipeline System. Located in the northeast corner of Prince William Sound, the Terminal lies on more than 1,000 acres of land. The facility was designed for loading crude oil onto tankers and holding crude oil so that North Slope production can continue without impact from the marine transportation system. There are 14 storage tanks in service, facilities to measure the incoming oil, two functional loading berths, and a power plant.
At the Terminal, crude oil is measured and stored, then loaded onto tankers and sent to market. Tankers tie into a berth, where they hook into loading arms to take on crude oil. Before loading begins, crews protect the surrounding waters by placing an oil spill containment boom around the berth and tanker.
The Valdez Marine Terminal also has a facility to purify storm water, other Terminal drainage water, and primarily ballast water -- the water that fills tankers' hulls to stabilize them before they take on crude cargo. The Ballast Water Treatment system sends oily water through multiple processes to strip it of any hydrocarbons.
- Located in Port Valdez, the northern most ice-free port in the U.S
- Total area — 1,000 acres
- Cost to build — $1.4 billion
- Elevation — sea level to 660 ft. All facilities except berths 15 ft. or higher
- 18 storage tanks constructed, 14 in service as of January 1, 2012
- Current holding capacity in crude oil tanks — 8.78 million bbl.
- Two functional loading berths with vapor recovery capacity